The victims

According to NKVD execution lists and reports, wrote Dmitriev, more than nine thousand men and women were shot at Sandarmokh during this period:

“3,500 were inhabitants of Karelia, 4,500 were prisoners working for the camps of the White Sea Canal, and 1,111 were brought here from the Solovki special prison. Alongside hard-working peasants, fishermen and hunters from nearby villages, there were writers and poets, scientists and scholars, military leaders, doctors, teachers, engineers, clergy of all confessions and statesmen, who found their final resting place at Sandarmokh.”

Among the last named group were prominent members of the intelligentsia from the many national and ethnic cultures of the USSR — for example, Finns, Karelians, and Volga Germans. Ukraine was especially singled out. Almost three hundred of its writers, dramatists and other public figures, the “Executed Renaissance“, were shot between 27 October and 4 November 1937.

Solovki Brotherhood

Members of the Solovki Fellowship, 2013 (Dmitriev is in top row)

The following 25 individuals illustrate this variety.

Their details come from several sources — English and Russian-language entries in Wikipedia; the Joffe Foundation website; and a few other publications and internet resources. They are listed by surname in alphabetical order:

Among representatives of more than sixty nationalities, denominations and confessions who have been individually identified there were 2,154 Russians, 762 Finns, 676 Karelians, 493 Ukrainians, 212 Poles, 184 Germans, and 89 Belarusians.

The Finns included many who had earlier emigrated to North America.  Moving to the USSR after the Revolution, they were later shot at Sandarmokh and are listed in the study In Denial: Historians, Communism, and Espionage (2003), by John Earl Haynes & Harvey Klehr. They included 141 Finnish Americans,[17] and 127 Finnish Canadians.[18]