According to NKVD execution lists and reports, wrote DMITRIEV, more than nine thousand men and women were shot at Sandarmokh during this period:
“3,500 were inhabitants of Karelia, 4,500 were prisoners working for the camps of the White Sea Canal, and 1,111 were brought here from the Solovki special prison. Alongside hard-working peasants, fishermen and hunters from nearby villages, there were writers and poets, scientists and scholars, military leaders, doctors, teachers, engineers, clergy of all confessions and statesmen, who found their final resting place at Sandarmokh.”
Among the last named group were prominent members of the intelligentsia from the many national and ethnic cultures of the USSR — for example, Finns, Karelians, and Volga Germans. Ukraine was especially singled out. Almost three hundred of its writers, dramatists and other public figures, the “Executed Renaissance“, were shot between 27 October and 4 November 1937.
The following 25 individuals illustrate this variety.
Their details come from several sources — English and Russian-language entries in Wikipedia; the Joffe Foundation website; and a few other publications and internet resources. They are listed by surname in alphabetical order:
- Duke Yasse Andronikov, Tsarist army officer, actor and theatre director (ru:Андроников, Яссе Николаевич): shot 27 October 1937, aged 44
- Fyodor Bagrov, head of collective farm, Karelia: shot 22 April 1938, aged 42
- Nikolai Durnovo, Russian linguist, shot 27 October 1937, aged 60
- Hryhorii Epik, Ukrainian writer: shot 3 November 1937, aged 36
- Vasily Helmersen, Russian librarian and artist: shot 9 December 1937, aged 64
- Nikolay Hrisanfov (fi:Krisun Miikul), (ru:Хрисанфов, Николай Васильевич), a Karelian writer: shot 8 January 1938, aged 39
- Myroslav Irchan, Ukrainian writer, journalist, and playwright: shot 3 November 1937, aged 40
- Alexei Kostin, member of collective farm, Karelia: shot 9 March 1938, aged 39
- Camilla Krushelnitskaya, organiser of an underground Catholic group in Moscow (ru:Крушельницкая, Камилла Николаевна): shot 27 October 1937, aged 45
- Mykola Kulish, Ukrainian writer, educator, journalist, and playwright: shot 3 November 1937, aged 40
- Les Kurbas, Ukrainian theater director: shot 3 November 1937, aged 50
- Gerd Kuzebai, Udmurt writer and public figure (ru:Кузебай, Герд): shot 1 November 1937, aged 39
- Yevgenia Mustangova (Rabinovich), literary critic (ru:Мустангова, Евгения Яковлевна): shot 4 November 1937, aged 32
- Valerian Pidmohylny, a Ukrainian writer: shot 3 November 1937, aged 37
- Mykhailo Poloz, a Ukrainian politician, diplomat, statesman, and participant of the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk: shot 3 November 1937, aged 45
- Nikita Remnev, carpenter, Karelia: shot 3 April 1938, aged 37
- Ivan Siyak, Ukrainian military leader (ru:Сияк, Иван Михайлович): shot 3 November 1937, aged 50
- Grigory Shklovsky, Soviet diplomat, ex-Bolshevik (ru:Шкловский, Григорий Львович): shot 4 November 1937, aged 62
- Kalle Toppinen, Finn, carpenter, Karelia: shot 5 March 1938, aged 45
- Kalle Vento, Finnish journalist (fi:Kalle Vento): shot 28 December 1937, aged 41
- Archbishop Damian of Kursk and Oboyansk, Russian Orthodox Church (Voskresensky ru:Дамиан (Воскресенский)): shot 3 November 1937, aged 64
- Father Peter Weigel (ru:Вейгель, Пётр Иванович), Volga German priest: shot 3 November 1937, aged 45
- Anton Yablotsky, Polish “special settler” from Ukraine: shot 21 January 1938, aged 37
- Mykhailo Yalovy, Ukrainian writer, publicist, playwright: shot 3 November 1937, aged 42
- Mykola Zerov, Ukrainian poet: shot 3 November 1937, aged 47
Among representatives of more than sixty nationalities, denominations and confessions who have been individually identified there were 2,154 Russians, 762 Finns, 676 Karelians, 493 Ukrainians, 212 Poles, 184 Germans, and 89 Belarusians.
The Finns included many who had earlier emigrated to North America. Moving to the USSR after the Revolution, they were later shot at Sandarmokh and are listed in the study In Denial: Historians, Communism, and Espionage (2003), by John Earl Haynes & Harvey Klehr. They included 141 Finnish Americans, and 127 Finnish Canadians.