Yezhov’s initial quotas for 1st and 2nd category arrests, July 1937
|Area / Source||1st category|
(To be shot)
(To the camps)
|NKVD labour camps||10,000||—|
Increased quotas and final totals
Regional Party and NKVD officials kept asking Moscow to increase their “quotas”, however.
As a result, the “initial objectives” were multiplied by two for “2nd category arrests (to the camps)” and by five for “1st category arrests (for execution)” during a sixteen-month operation initially planned to last four months.
From August 1937 to November 1938, a total of 767,000 people were sentenced under “operation 00447” alone; 387,000 of them were shot. The numbers imprisoned or executed were further swelled by a succession of additional campaigns: against Germans (25 July), Poles (11 August), wives of “traitors” (15 August), former employees of the Far Eastern Railroad (20 September) and Latvians (30 November).
In total, some 800,000 men and women were executed within a period of 16 months.
Source: Nicolas Werth, “Mass crimes under Stalin”